Norfolk’s Rich Historic Culture

Norfolk is a rural county in the East of England. The name “Norfolk” derives from terms which meant “the northern people”. It is first mentioned in Anglo-Saxon wills dating from 1043–5 and later as Norðfolc in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (the entry for 1075) and as Nordfolc in the Domesday Book.

Influenced enormously by European immigrants throughout the ages, Norfolk has a wide range of arts and cultural activity to suit all ages and interests. There are over 900 artists based here, countless musicians and hundreds of other great events.



In almost any month, there are wonderful festivals going on somewhere in Norfolk, not least the Norfolk and Norwich Festival, Britain’s first arts festival which began in 1772.Norfolk also has the country’s biggest food festival, which lasts throughout September and includes hundreds of events, promotions and offers. Highlights of the Norfolk Food & Drink Festival include themed weekends at Holkham Hall in north Norfolk, in Swaffham in the Brecks, at Slow Town Aylsham and in buzzing, cosmopolitan Norwich.The coast boasts some fabulous family-fun festivals, including the Maritime Festival and Out There in Great Yarmouth; Crab & Lobster and carnivals in Cromer and Sheringham; Festival Too in King’s Lynn.



From major public collections, such as Norwich Castle and the Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts, experimental art at Norwich Arts Centre or charming market town galleries, there are always scores of high quality exhibitions in towns and villages across the county.


Theatre and Shows

There are a wide range of theatres across Norfolk, some of the biggest in Hunstanton, Great Yarmouth and Norwich. During the summer you can still find end-of-the-pier shows at Cromer and Great Yarmouth.


Norfolk live

Thetford Forest hosts a successful series of live outdoor concerts in the summer; other events take place on beaches and the stately homes of Norfolk regularly host outdoor classical and firework extravaganzas. Norwich has a thriving music scene, from marquee names at the University of East Anglia and the Theatre Royal to bars and pubs.


Norfolk Festivals

Norfolk Food & Drink Festival

The country’s biggest month-long food festival in September, it features weekend festivals at Holkham on the north Norfolk coast, in the buzzy, bustling city of Norwich, in the beautiful Brecks at Swaffham and at Slow Town Aylsham. Plus The Big Onion, The Moveable Feast, Battle of the Bangers and much more. Choose what kind of foodie weekend you want, and book yourself into a nice gastropub or boutique hotel.


Norfolk & Norwich Festival

Norfolk’s biggest arts and cultural event brings world-class international music, performance, visual art and literature to the region for more than 2 weeks every May. Featuring premieres, new commissions, a vibrant free outdoor programme and work by artists from the region.


You can also visit:

  • The iconic Norwich Cathedral
  • Norwich Castle Museum
  • Stranger’s Hall and Dragon’s Hall and other museums dotted around the centre
  • The Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts


Norfolk culture

Norwich is a city on the River Wensum in England. It is the regional administrative centre and county town of Norfolk. It has more medieval churches than any other city in Western Europe north of the Alps.  This was all thanks to the wool trade back in those days.


Norfolk really is rich in culture as well as history. Do try and visit this awesome place. When you get here, you would never want to leave.

Starting a Business in Norfolk

Living in Norfolk is really awesome! I’ve been living here since I was born. Right now, I am old enough to run a business on my own. What’s really beautiful living in Norfolk is that the Norfolk County Council offers advices and support for businesses. By the way, for your information: From September 2013 all young people who have finished year 11 are required to continue in education or training until the end of the academic year in which they turn 17. From the summer of 2015, young people will be required to stay in education or training until their 18th birthday.

And now, since I will be starting a new business, there are things in which we should follow when starting a business:


  1. Write a business plan

A business plan is an essential roadmap for business success. This living document generally projects 3-5 years ahead and outlines the route a company intends to take to grow revenues.


  1. Get business assistance and training

Take advantage of free training and counselling services, from preparing a business plan and securing financing, to expanding or relocating a business.


  1. Choose a business location

Choosing a business location is perhaps the most important decision a small business owner or start-up will make, so it requires precise planning and research. It involves looking at demographics, assessing your supply chain, scoping the competition, staying on budget, understanding county laws and taxes, and much more. Understanding laws and regulations imposed on businesses in a particular location is essential. As you look to grow your business, it can be advantageous to work with a small business specialist or counsellor. Check what programs and support your county government and local community offer to small businesses. Do your research. Talk to other business owners and potential co-tenants.


  1. Finance your business

Find government backed loans, venture capital and research grants to help you get started.


  1. Determine the legal structure of your business

Decide which form of ownership is best for you: sole proprietorship, partnership, Limited Liability Company (LLC), corporation, S corporation, non-profit or cooperative.


  1. Register a business name

Naming your business is an important branding exercise, but if you choose to name your business as anything other than your own personal name then you’ll need to register it with the appropriate authorities.


  1. Get a Tax Identification number

Learn which tax identification number you’ll need to obtain from the IRS and your county revenue agency.


  1. Register for County and Local taxes

In addition to business taxes required by the federal government, you will have to pay some county and local taxes. Each county and locality has its own tax laws. The links below provide access to key resources that will help you learn about your county tax obligations. Having knowledge of your county tax requirement can help you avoid problems and your business save money. The most common types of tax requirements for small business are income taxes and employment taxes.


  1. Obtain business licenses and permits

To run your business legally, there are certain federal and county licenses and permits you will need to obtain. These resources will help you understand the requirements for your small business.


  1. Understand employer responsibilities

If your business is booming, but you are struggling to keep up, perhaps it’s time to hire some help.


Also, there are actually a number of available programs to assist start-ups, micro businesses, and underserved or disadvantaged groups. You just have to do your research for more knowledge and information.

Norfolk’s Local Government

Norfolk has three ‘tiers’ of local government: Norfolk County Council runs county-wide services like education, social services and transport district. City and borough councils run local services like waste collection, planning, housing and environmental health town and parish councils take care of grassroots activities like parks and allotments, while also representing their communities in things like planning applications and regeneration schemes.

Here, I have compiled a list of Norfolk’s local government for your references.


Local councils

Within the borders of the county of Norfolk there is a hierarchy of county, district and parish councils. Within this three-tier structure there is some duplication and overlap of responsibilities between the different levels.



The County Council provides the strategic and more costly services like social services, trading standards, fire & rescue, transport and education.

  • Norfolk county council
  • My Norfolk web
  • Norfolk schools



  1. Breckland District Council
  2. Broadland District Council
  3. Great Yarmouth Borough Council
  4. Kings Lynn And West Norfolk Bc
  5. Kings Lynn And West Norfolk Borough Council
  6. North Norfolk District Council
  7. Norwich City Council
  8. South Norfolk District Council


The district, city & borough councils within Norfolk are each responsible within their districts for:

  • Housing
  • Refuse collection
  • Street cleaning
  • Economic Development
  • Environmental Health
  • Leisure facilities



  1. Attleborough
  2. Cromer Town Council
  3. Dereham Town Council
  4. Diss Town Council
  5. Downham Market Town Council
  6. Fakenham Town Council
  7. Harleston Town Council
  8. Holt Town Council
  9. Hunstanton Town Council
  10. Loddon Town Council
  11. North Walsham Biz
  12. North Walsham Guide
  13. North Walsham Town Council
  14. Reepham Town Council
  15. Sheringham
  16. Sheringham Town Council
  17. Swaffham Town Council
  18. Thetford Town Council
  19. Watton Town Council
  20. Wells Guide
  21. Wells-next-the-sea Town Council
  22. Wymondham Town Council



The districts are further divided up into parish or town councils, each with their own elected councils. All the powers of a parish council are shared with a district council. Parishes deal with local services and problems at a very practical, detailed level.


List of some of the parishes in Norfolk:

  1. Acle Parish Council
  2. Alburgh Parish Council
  3. Alby With Thwaite Parish Council
  4. Bawdeswell
  5. Bawsey Parish Meeting
  6. Beachamwell Parish Council
  7. Bracon Ash And Hethel
  8. Burgh Castle Parish Council
  9. Burgh St Peter With Wheatacre Parish Council
  10. Burnham Market Parish Council
  11. Caister-on-sea Parish Council
  12. Caistor St Edmund Parish Council
  13. Cantley
  14. Letheringsett With Glandford Parish Council
  15. Lexham Parish Meeting
  16. Leziate Parish Council
  17. Melton Constable Parish Council
  18. Merton Parish Council
  19. New Buckenham
  20. Newton By Castle Acre Parish Meeting
  21. Newton Flotman Parish Council
  22. Nordelph Parish Council
  23. North Creake Parish Council
  24. Outwell Parish Council
  25. Overstrand Parish Council
  26. Ovington Parish Council
  27. Oxborough Parish Council
  28. Parrett And Axe Parish Council
  29. Salhouse Parish Council
  30. Scoulton Parish Council
  31. Sea Palling And Waxham Parish Council
  32. Shouldham Parish Council
  33. Swanton Morley Parish Council
  34. Terrington St Clement Parish Council
  35. Thompson Village
  36. Thorpe Market Parish Council
  37. Thurlton Parish Council
  38. Tilney St Lawrence Parish Council
  39. Trowse With Newton Parish Council
  40. Upwell Parish Council
  41. Wacton Parish Council
  42. Walpole Cross Keys Parish Council
  43. Walsingham
  44. Watlington Parish Council
  45. Weeting With Broomhill Parish Council
  46. Welborne
  47. Welney Parish Council
  48. West Acre Parish Council
  49. Wimbotsham Parish Council
  50. Winterton On Sea Parish Council


And these are the councils within Norfolk. I hope that this information is helpful to you.

Living In Norfolk Is Fun!

Living in Norfolk there are many things that I would love to be able to share with you. Did you know that the Norfolk coastline was the first part of Britain settled by early man? At that time, 1.2 million years ago, what is now Norfolk was connected by a land bridge to mainland Europe. The earliest known British settlement is in Happisburgh, Norfolk. The site was found thanks to a local man who was taking his dog for a walk by the sea. He spotted a hand axe lying on the mud and called the Norwich Castle Museum. The axe was made 700,000 years ago, some 200,000 years earlier than any previously discovered artefact.

The first hand axe ever to be recognised as a hand axe was found by a Norfolk man named John Frere (1740-1807). At the time no one really believed him when he said that the rock was a tool made by early man. In those days the things we call hand axes were known as “thunderbolts” because people couldn’t explain them.


Norfolk is one of very few counties that doesn’t contain any stretches of motorway. Before the railway was built it was quicker to get from Norwich to Amsterdam by sea than to London by road. Despite this isolation, Norwich was England’s second biggest city for more than 700 years, and Norfolk England’s most populous and prosperous county, largely as a result of the wool trade.


The county was hit hard by the Black Death and subsequent episodes of plague, though – a third of the population of Norwich died in an outbreak in 1579. Norfolk is one of very few counties where the population is lower today than it was in the early 14th century.


The prosperity of Norfolk meant that more than 1,000 medieval churches were built across the county, 659 of which still survive, the highest concentration in Europe. Of these, 125 have round towers more than any other county in Britain. At 23,000 square feet, St Nicholas’s Church in Great Yarmouth is the largest parish church in the country.


The spire of Norwich Cathedral is 315 feet high, second only to that of Salisbury. Given that most of the county is fenland or chalk, the stone for this church-building spree was unavailable locally but such was the wealth of medieval Norwich that they were able to import honey-coloured Caen limestone from Normandy.


The Norfolk accent is very hard to imitate. You have to come from Norfolk to capture its many nuances naturally. Fond (Friends of Norfolk Dialect) was formed in 1999 to record as many of the county’s traditional words and sayings as possible. Norfolkese has a particular rich animal vocabulary including jasper (wasp), dodman (snail), pishmire (ant) and hamser (heron), although kewter for money and to pingle, meaning to play with food, are also useful to know.


The northern pool frog, England’s rarest amphibian, has its own unique Norfolk-accented croak. This frog, a native of the fens, became extinct in England in the Nineties, but was reintroduced into Norfolk from Sweden in 2005, after recordings of mating frogs were analysed and the distinctive Norfolk inflection in their calls was identified.


And these are just some of the interesting things in Norfolk that I proudly wanted to share with you. I hope you’ve enjoyed reading!